Ulmus glabra

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaUlmaceaeUlmusUlmus glabra


U. glabra is a largely non-suckering tree of hedges, field-borders and streamsides, but also forms mixed or pure woodland, especially on limestone and other base-rich soils. It is also a colonist of ungrazed grassland, rocky ground and waste and spoil heaps, and is also planted. 0?530 m (Atholl, E. Perth).



World Distribution

European Temperate element.

© H. Higgins, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Broadleaved, mixed and yew woodland

Light (Ellenberg): 4

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.4

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.7

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1056

Life form information

Height (cm): 3000

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2338

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 608

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.28

Weighted Changed Factor: -11

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.