Ulmus procera

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaUlmaceaeUlmusUlmus procera


A large wide-topped tree, often considered a definitive component of the English countryside, found in hedgerows and field-borders, rarely in woodland but sometimes forming small copses. It prefers the deep and moist soils of major river systems. Lowland.



World Distribution

European Temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Boundary and linear features (eg hedges, roadsides, walls)

Light (Ellenberg): 5

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 8

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.8

Annual Precipitation (mm): 819

Life form information

Height (cm): 3300

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte



Clonality - primary

Clones formed by suckering from roots

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1317

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.48

Weighted Changed Factor: -18

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (183b)
Richens RH
1983.  Elm.