Veronica filiformis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaScrophulariaceaeVeronicaVeronica filiformis


A perennial herb of lawns and churchyards, and also found on roadsides, paths, grassy banks and streamsides. It is self-incompatible, rarely setting seed in our area but often spreads from fragments after mowing. Generally lowland, but reaching 450 m at Nenthead (Cumberland).



World Distribution

Native of N. Turkey and the Caucasus.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 990

Life form information

Height (cm): 5

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary


Life Form - secondary


Comment on Life Form

intermediate; when not completely prostrate a chamaephyte



Clonality - primary

Extensively creeping and rooting at nodes

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2013

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 397

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 9

Atlas Change Index: 2.69

Weighted Changed Factor: 4

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (232d)
Bangerter & Kent (1957
Harris GR, Lovell PH
1980.  Localised spread of Veronica filiformis, V. agrestis and V. persica. Journal of Applied Ecology. 17:815-826.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.