Vinca major

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaApocynaceaeVincaVinca major


A perennial herb of waste places, rubbish tips, roadside verges, shaded banks and woodland. Lowland.



World Distribution

The naturalised plant, subsp. major, is a native of the European Mediterranean region; subsp. hirsuta is native to N. Turkey and the Caucasus.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 5

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 873

Life form information

Height (cm): 35

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Tip rooting (the stems often turn downwards)

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1336

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 231

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 12

Atlas Change Index: 1.49

Weighted Changed Factor: 64

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (206d)
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.