Viola kitaibeliana

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaViolaceaeViolaViola kitaibeliana


A tiny annual of short coastal turf, open disturbed areas on sandy soils, open sand on eroding coastal dunes, around rabbit burrows, and arable fields. It can also grow under the shelter of coastal Pteridium in the Isles of Scilly, and in thin soil on granite sea-cliffs in Guernsey. Lowland.



World Distribution

European Southern-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Supralittoral sediment (strandlines, shingle, coastal dunes)

Light (Ellenberg): 9

Moisture (Ellenberg): 3

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 1

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 6.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 814

Life form information

Height (cm): 10

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 8

Distribution information

Plantatt Conservation Status


JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (54c)
French CN, Murphy RJ, Atkinson MGC
1999.  Flora of Cornwall.
Lousley JE
1971.  Flora of the Isles of Scilly.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
Wigginton MJ
1999.  British Red Data Books. 1. Vascular plants, edn 3.