Viola persicifolia

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaViolaceaeViolaViola persicifolia

Ecology

A perennial herb found in Britain on damp peaty or clayey, base-rich soils in seasonally wet fens, and in Ireland on the margins of turloughs. It is a poor competitor, preferring areas subject to fluctuating water levels, cattle trampling or peat-digging. Seed is long-lived. Lowland.

Status

Native

World Distribution

Eurosiberian Temperate element, with a continental distribution in W. Europe.

Broad Habitats

Fen, marsh and swamp (not wooded)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 8

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3

0

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.9

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 826

Life form information

Height (cm): 25

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 18

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 17

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.62

Distribution information

Plantatt Conservation Status

Endangered

JNCC Designations

NHMSYS0000464895

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (54c)
Fen Violet Viola persicifolia at Wicken Fen: a reinforcement population,
Croft, J.
, Nature in Cambridgeshire, Volume 42, p.27-33, (2000)

The Irish Red Data Book. 1. Vascular Plants,
Curtis, T. G. F., and McGough H. N.
, Dublin, (1988)

Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
Hultén, E., and Fries M.
, Königstein, (1986)

Further discoveries of the Fen Violet (Viola persicifolia Schreber) at Wicken Fen, Cambridgeshire,
Rowell, T. A.
, Watsonia, Volume 15, p.122-123, (1984)

The rediscovery of the Fen Violet, Viola persicifolia Schreber, at Wicken Fen, Cambridgeshire,
Rowell, T. A., Walters S. M., and Harvey H. J.
, Watsonia, Volume 14, p.183-184, (1982)

British Red Data Books. 1. Vascular plants, edn 3,
Wigginton, M. J.
, Peterborough, (1999)