Long-term changes in communities of native coccinellids: population fluctuations and the effect of competition from an invasive non-native species

TitleLong-term changes in communities of native coccinellids: population fluctuations and the effect of competition from an invasive non-native species
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsHonek, A, Martinkova, Z, Dixon, AFG, Roy, HE, Pekar, S
JournalInsect Conservation and Diversity
Volume9
Pagination202-209
Abstract

1. We assessed the changes in abundance and community composition of native species of coccinellids (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on deciduous trees that occurred between 1970s and 2010s, in the Czech Republic. 2. As the composition of adult communities varies with host plant and season, coccinellids were sampled in May-June from Acer, Betula and Tilia trees using a standardised sweeping method. This was done before (1976-1986) and after (2011-2014) the arrival of Harmonia axyridis in 2006, with interim samples from a period immediately before it arrived in the Czech Republic (2002-2006). 3. Twenty-one native species were identified in the total sample of 2674 adults. The abundance of Adalia bipunctata, Coccinella quinquepunctata and Propylea quatuordecimpunctata decreased over the whole period sampled. Declines in abundance of these species were already evident prior to the arrival of H. axyridis. Recent declines in Adalia decempunctata and Calvia quatuordecimguttata followed the arrival H. axyridis. Their abundance was increasing prior to the arrival of H. axyridis, but decreased following its invasion and the latter species might have affected their decline. The abundance of only one species, Calvia decemguttata, increased. Although the abundance of many species decreased and the frequency of some species varied, the diversity of native coccinellid populations (Shannon index) was similar over the 40 years of this study. 4. The changes in species composition can in part be attributed to H. axyridis, the role of other factors (e.g. climate change, habitat degradation) in the long-term fluctuations in abundance of coccinellids should be considered in future assessments.

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