Lactuca saligna

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaAsteraceaeLactucaLactuca saligna


This autumn- or spring-germinating annual occurs on disturbed, sandy shingle and old sea walls, growing on sparsely vegetated ground; also formerly on the banks of rivers and ditches in East Anglia, and, rarely, on paths and cliffs in Essex. Lowland.



World Distribution

European Southern-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Supralittoral sediment (strandlines, shingle, coastal dunes)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 3

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.7

Annual Precipitation (mm): 601

Life form information

Height (cm): 75

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 36

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -1.51

Distribution information

Plantatt Conservation Status


JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references