A perennial herb which is naturalised on rocky limestone slopes. On Steep Holm (N. Somerset) it grows on the steep eastern slopes of the island, where there is some protection from westerly gales. Lowland.
This species was discovered on Steep Holm (N. Somerset) in 1803, where it was once considered to be native. One plant was found on Flat Holm (Glamorgan) in 1982. There is a 19th-century record from the mainland, near Bath (W. Gloucs.). Although formerly quite plentiful on Steep Holm, plants were collected by gardeners in the 19th century and their numbers have been further reduced more recently by the spread of Acer pseudoplatanus. The population is now dependant on conservation management for its survival. Many other Paeonia populations are recorded as this species, but all are referable to P. officinalis or P. lactiflora.
Native of S. Europe and S.W. Asia.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Flora dels Països Catalans, I. Introducció. Licopodiàcies-Capparàcies,
, Barcelona, (1984)
Jalas & Suominen (1984)
British Red Data Books: 1. Vascular Plants,
, Lincoln, (1977)
The flora of Somerset,
, Taunton, (1981)