Primula veris (Cowslip)
A perennial herb of well-drained, herb-rich grasslands on mesic to calcareous soils; less commonly on seasonally flooded soils, in scrub or woodland rides and edges, and on calcareous cliffs. 0-750 m (Knock Ore Gill, Westmorland), and exceptionally at 845 m (Great Dun Fell, Westmorland).
P. veris suffered a marked decline between 1930 and 1980 due to the ploughing or agricultural improvement of grassland. It has, however, recently become more frequent on road verges sown with this species or with wild-flower mixtures. The current map shows little change from the 1962 Atlas.
Eurosiberian Temperate element.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Atlas (201a) Genetics of colonising and established populations of Primula veris,
, Heredity, Volume 71, p.252-258, (1993)
The Irish Red Data Book. 1. Vascular Plants,
, Dublin, (1988)
Comparative Plant Ecology,
, London, (1988)
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
, Königstein, (1986)
The effect of temperature on reproduction in five Primula species,
, Annals of Botany, Volume 82, p.359-374, (1998)
Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols,
, Jena, (1978)