A perennial herb of meadows and pastures, open scrub, heaths, moorland, saltmarshes, fixed dunes and roadsides in the lowlands, and also of screes, flushes and lake margins in the uplands. 0-975 m (Macgillycuddy`s Reeks, S. Kerry).
L. autumnalis is tolerant of trampling and competes well in taller vegetation. It has increased on roadsides, but its overall national range is stable. It is very variable, with several ecotypes ranging from tall, hairy plants on montane cliff ledges to small, virtually glabrous plants in saltmarshes.
European Boreo-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.
Light (Ellenberg): 8
Moisture (Ellenberg): 6
Reaction (Ellenberg): 6
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 1
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.4
Annual Precipitation (mm): 1103
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
1957. Leontodon autumnalis var. salinus (Aspegren) Lange. Proceedings of the Botanical Society of the British Isles. 2:240-241.
1988. Comparative Plant Ecology.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
1992. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols.