A tufted, winter-green, perennial herb of dry, usually calcareous soils, found in grassland, scrub and woodland edges, on cliffs, roadsides, railway banks, quarries and waste ground. 0-320 m (Matlock, Derbys.).
C. scabiosa has apparently declined due to the destruction of old grasslands, although it is able to colonise disturbed habitats. Plants with entire basal leaves, var. succisifolia, are found in coastal populations in Wales and Scotland, but their taxonomic status is uncertain (Valentine, 1980).
Eurosiberian Temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
1988. Comparative Plant Ecology.
1957. The Flora of Wiltshire.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
1992. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols.