A monocarpic perennial occurring in a wide array of habitats, including overgrazed pastures and rough grassland, sea-cliffs, dunes, drift lines and well-drained, fertile, disturbed habitats including arable fields, spoil heaps, waste ground and burnt areas in woodland. 0-685 (Breadalbanes, Mid Perth), and exceptionally at 845 m on Great Dun Fell (Westmorland).
Though statutorily listed as a noxious weed in Britain and subject to control by landowners, there has been no change in the overall range since the 1962 Atlas, and it is probably increasing in man-made habitats.
Eurosiberian Temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
1988. Comparative Plant Ecology.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
1993. Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 176. Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. Journal of Ecology. 81:177-191.
1992. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols.