Gymnadenia conopsea

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaOrchidaceaeGymnadeniaGymnadenia conopsea

Ecology

A tuberous perennial herb of both dry and moist chalk and limestone grasslands, limestone pavement, less acidic heaths, and wetter habitats such as base-rich fens. It also grows in artificial habitats, including quarries and railway banks. 0-610 m (Ben Lawers, Mid Perth).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Eurasian Boreo-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3

0

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.2

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.2

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1187

Life form information

Height (cm): 40

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1341

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 365

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.76

Weighted Changed Factor: 3

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

33

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NHMSYS0000459168

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (336d)
Allan B, Woods P
1993.  Wild orchids of Scotland.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jenkinson MN
1991.  Wild orchids of Dorset.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
Sanford M
1991.  The orchids of Suffolk.