Leontodon hispidus (Rough Hawkbit)
A perennial herb of dry, neutral or calcareous soils, occurring in hay meadows, pastures and other grasslands, on roadside verges, railway banks, rock ledges and in quarries. It readily spreads by wind-dispersed seeds into open habitats. 0-575 m (Harwood Dale, Cheviot) and exceptionally at 845 m on Great Dun Fell (Westmorland).
There has been no discernible change in the distribution of L. hispidus since the 1962 Atlas. It is possibly over-recorded in some areas in error for L. saxatilis; almost all Scottish Highland records have been treated as dubious. Almost or wholly glabrous plants (var. glabratus) occasionally occur.
European Temperate element.
Light (Ellenberg): 8
Moisture (Ellenberg): 4
Reaction (Ellenberg): 7
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.2
Annual Precipitation (mm): 918
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Comparative Plant Ecology,
, London, (1988)
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
, Königstein, (1986)
Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols,
, Jena, (1992)