An annual or biennial herb of open grassland, roadsides, field margins, cliffs and scree slopes, river banks, sea walls and waste places, especially on lime-rich clay soils. Lowland.
P. echioides was mapped with a somewhat patchy distribution in the 1962 Atlas, being found mainly south of a line from the Severn to the Humber. Since then it has consolidated within that range. It is only casual in Scotland.
As an archaeophyte P. echioides has a European Southern-temperate distribution; it is widely naturalised outside this range.
Height (cm): 80
Perennation - primary
Perennation - secondary
Life Form - primary
Life Form - secondary
Comment on Life Form
Clonality - primary
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.