Quercus robur

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaFagaceaeQuercusQuercus robur

Ecology

A long-lived, deciduous tree of high forest, coppice woodland and ancient wood-pasture. It grows on a wide range of soils, typically those which are heavy and fertile, but does not thrive on thin soils over limestone or acidic peat. It is fairly tolerant of waterlogging, growing at fen margins and in Alnus woodland. It is very widely planted in hedges and woodland. 0-450 m (Talgarth, Brecs.).

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Temperate element.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4

0

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.7

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1049

Life form information

Height (cm): 3000

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte

Woodiness

Woody

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2310

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 663

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 12

Atlas Change Index: -0.6

Weighted Changed Factor: -10

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

12

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003845

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (186c)
Gardiner (1974)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1976)
EW Jones (1959)
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
Gardiner AS
1974.  A history of the taxonomy and distribution of the native oak species. The British Oak. :13-26.
Rackham O
1980.  Ancient woodland: its history, vegetation and uses in England.