Spartina anglica

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaPoaceaeSpartinaSpartina anglica

Ecology

A rhizomatous perennial herb of tidal mud-flats and saltmarshes, much planted as a mud-binder and forming extensive stands in many estuaries. It originated in Southampton Water (S. Hants.) in about 1890 as an amphidiploid derivative of S. x townsendii. Lowland.

Status

Native

World Distribution

Endemic as a native to Britain, but widely planted in W. Europe.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Littoral sediment (includes saltmarsh and saltmarsh pools)

Light (Ellenberg): 9

Moisture (Ellenberg): 9

Reaction (Ellenberg): 8

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

7

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 7

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.7

Annual Precipitation (mm): 904

Life form information

Height (cm): 130

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Rhizome far-creeping

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 251

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 71

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 1

Atlas Change Index: 0.11

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NHMSYS0000463855

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Saltmarsh ecology,
Adam, P.
, Cambridge, (1990)

Molecular evidence for the maternal parentage in the hybrid origin of Spartina anglica C. E. Hubbard,
Ferris, C., King R. A., and Gray A. J.
, Molecular Ecology, Volume 6, p.185-187, (1997)

Goodman et al (1959
1969)
Investigations into ‘die-back’ in Spartina townsendii agg. III. Physiological correlates of ‘die-back’,
Goodman, P. J., and Williams W. T.
, Journal of Ecology, Volume 49, p.391-398, (1961)

Spartina anglica - a research review. ITE Research Publication no. 2,
Gray, A. J., and Benham P. E. M.
, London, (1990)

The evolution of Spartina anglica C. E. Hubbard (Gramineae) - origin and genetic variability,
Raybould, A. F., Gray A. J., Lawrence M. J., and Marshall D. F.
, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Volume 43, p.111-126, (1991)