A perennial herb of lawns and churchyards, and also found on roadsides, paths, grassy banks and streamsides. It is self-incompatible, rarely setting seed in our area but often spreads from fragments after mowing. Generally lowland, but reaching 450 m at Nenthead (Cumberland).
This species was certainly cultivated in Britain by 1808 but was not widely grown until the 20th century. It was first recorded in the wild in 1838 but not reported again until 1927. Thereafter it spread rapidly, and was widespread at the time of the 1962 Atlas. Since then it has further increased and greatly consolidated its range.
Native of N. Turkey and the Caucasus.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Bangerter & Kent (1957
1980. Localised spread of Veronica filiformis, V. agrestis and V. persica. Journal of Applied Ecology. 17:815-826.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
1978. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.